The Bezelel Academy of Art, Jerusalem: Founding Years

 

Abstract:

The Bezelel Academy of Art, Jerusalem was founded in 1906 by Lithuanian artist and Zionist, Boris Schatz. In the early years of the academy, work produced by students exhibited the political complexities presented in the Jewish return to Eretz Israel through the expression of concepts based on modern Jewish identity and Zionist ideologies. As most faculty and students had immigrated to the state from Europe, the academy’s curriculum was developed through the design aesthetics of modern European art incorporated with Jewish and Hebrew historical symbolism, allegory, and text. This essay discusses the history, theories, and aesthetics influencing the Bezelel Academy of Art, Jerusalem in the founding years, and analyses the visual documentation and design of 20th century Israeli Artist / Designer, Yaakov Stark.

 

Keywords: Visual Art, Typography, Israel, Zionism